Principles and Fundamentals of Photography

Updated: May 18

Every photograph, no matter if it is taken on the simplest camera or the most advanced one, rely on four basic principles. These are Exposure and Color Balance, Focus and Depth-of-Field, Composition and Lighting. To understand it better, we need to first understand the basic functions and concepts which constitutes photography.

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Photography is an artistic expression and probably world’s greatest hobby. The word photography is derived from the Greek words- photos (light) & graphein (to draw). It means, photography is an art of drawing images with light.


When we pick up a digital camera, it's always easy to keep everything in an automatic setting and hope our pictures turn out perfect. If we stick with this plan for long term, we will constantly struggle with poorly shot images. In this blog series, we will try to teach you how to take control of all the manual settings of your digital camera and make the decisions for the pictures you want to create. If you understand how to control your camera, you'll be well equipped to take a properly exposed photo every time.


Although all cameras work in the same way, but sometimes the various button designs, names, and settings of different camera brands make the learning process confusing. In order to help with it, we will discuss with reference to two major brand of cameras, a Canon DSLR and a Nikon DSLR

Photographs play an effective role to disseminate information among people. A story with photograph convey more information than a story without photograph. In the next few blogs, we will discuss these principles and fundamental concepts one by one:



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