Updated: Apr 1
A good quality camera lens is essential for capturing sharp and detailed photograph. There are various types of lens available in market and each has its own characteristic and importance.
After a camera, lenses are the most important thing in photography that determines the quality of your photograph, and hence it becomes more important to know everything about them. A good camera lens captures sharp photos with lots of detail and contrast. Whereas, a poor one can leave your images looking dull and blurry.
Before buying a lens, it's important to consider your needs. You should know about the types of subject you want to shoot, the likely lighting conditions, and of course your budget. There is no single lens which will be perfect for every situation. So you'll need to balance the pros and cons of the various options and pick the best which fulfill all your need.
This blog will help you to find a camera lens which will be suitable for all of your artistic and practical needs.
Types of Lenses
1. Standard Lens
A standard lens is also known as a mid-range or medium range lens and is somewhere around 50 mm long. Standard lenses are roughly how we see the world with our eyes in that way they compress perspective is about the same. Therefore they give our photos a very natural look.
Perhaps not as dramatic looking as a wide or long focal length lens, medium lenses are great for landscapes and portraits and candid shots of people in their environment.
2. Wide-Angle Lens
Wide angle lenses are those which give a wider field of view as compared to what we see through naked eyes. These lenses usually have focal length of 16 mm to 35 mm.
Wide angle lenses also have a special feature which makes it distinct from other lenses, it makes closer object appeared to be at a far away distant from the camera. It gives our photograph a special look which we can't see from our naked eyes. Look at this pic below:
These lenses are widely used by Landscape Photographers.
3. Telephoto Lens
Telephoto Lenses are those lenses which are created to capture subjects at a very far distance. Their focal length starts from 85 mm and goes upto 800 mm.
Best thing about Telephoto lenses is that it makes objects at far away distance appears to be closer to the camera. It is most commonly used by Wildlife Photographers.
Apart from these types, Lenses are also classifies as: Prime Lens and Zoom Lens.
Lenses which have a fixed focal lenth are called as Prime Lenses. Since their focal lengths are fixed, there's no option to zoom in and zoom out. For example: 35mm, 50mm or 85mm. These lenses comes up with a wide aperture starting from F1.2, which gives it special advantage of shooting at shallow depth of field and achieving a blurry background effect.
As it is clear from the name, zoom lenses are those which have a variable focal length. For example: 18-55mm, 55-250mm, 24-120mm or 70-200mm.
Fisheye lens is also known as an "ultra wide" or "super wide" lens. It is a type of lens which captures an extremely wide image, usually around 180 degrees. The images they produce are highly distorted which gives them a dynamic and abstract feel.
These lenses are used for capturing extremely wide panoramas of landscapes and the sky, and for adding a special effects to the particular scene. Fisheye lenses are also commonly used for action sport photography.
Macro lenses are specifically designed for close-up photography. They are optimized for high reproduction ratios and close focusing.